Wild Headlines: High-Fat Diets Make You Stupid and Lazy
Wednesday, August 19, 2009
LifeTime WeightLoss in Fat, Nutrition, Research Studies, Tom Nikkola, cholesterol

Written by: Tom Nikkola – Director of Nutrition & Weight Management

If you were paying attention to nutrition headlines in the news over the past week, you undoubtedly saw the Time Magazine article discussing exercise and weight loss. Another confusing headline that found its way into many media sources was the headline "High-fat diets may make you stupid and lazy." To avoid confusion about exactly what this headline means, we'll take a look at the study and discuss whether it should affect the dietary choices you make. In the end, hopefully you will avoid going to your refrigerator and tossing all of your fat-containing foods. You'll probably realize that the headline was...not that smart.

The Study

The Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics and the Department of Experimental Psychology at the University of Oxford published a study entitled Deterioration of physical performance and cognitive function in rats with short-term high-fat feeding on August 10, 2009. Researchers wanted to find out if there would be a drop in physical performance and cognition of rats who followed a low-fat high carbohydrate diet followed by a high-fat diet for nine days. Before you take the conclusions from the study too seriously, there are some important points you should understand. If a friend brings up the headline, you'll have more facts about the actual study and can share your knowledge.

Conclusion

The most accurate conclusion that can be drawn from this study is that no conclusion can be drawn. There are some deeper-level issues with the study as well, but I've just included some of the points that are easier to remember. The idea of low-fat dieting being the answer to health and wellness is fading more each year. While the answer may not be a high-fat diet either, there is plenty of evidence to support the need for natural fats in the diet. There is also a lack of evidence to support the philosophy of low-fat dieting. A great article to complement this would be Skimming the Truth, found in the latest issue of Experience Life.

It is also important to consider the meaning of a "high-fat diet." If this means the way that most Americans eat, which also includes a lot of refined carbohydrates and added fats, there's no doubt that such a diet is unhealthy. However, diets high in fat and low in carbohydrates can be beneficial for certain individuals and athletes, and certain amounts of fat are essential for everyone.

In the end, the proper mix of carbohydrates, fat and protein is as individualized as each person's metabolism. Low-er fat is sometimes necessary, as is high-er fat. For the sake of your health, don't turn away from fat in your diet. It plays a critical role to health and wellness. Just be sure to make wise choices in where you get it from. And stay away from refined carbohydrate foods, which make the consumption of fat far less healthy.

References:

Murray A, Knight N, Cochlin L, McAleese S, Deacon R, Rawlins JN, Clarke K. Deterioration of physical performance and cognitive function in rats with short-term high-fat feeding. The FASEB Journal. fj.09-139691. 2009

Helgoe C. Skimming the Truth. Experience Life Magazine. September 2009

Cordain, Loren. The Paleo Diet. Rodale Publishing:New York, NY. 2005

McDonald, Lyle. The Ketogenic Diet. Morris Publishing: Kearney, NE

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